GME research

For information on GME's Resident Wellness Scale (RWS), click here.

The RWS is a 10-item scale empirically designed to measure a resident's wellness over the preceding 3 weeks. It was designed by GME researchers at Wayne State University and Loma Linda University in March 2017. The scale development and initial validity data are now published:

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  • Stansfield RB, Markova T. Building a culture of well-being in primary care resident training programs. Ochsner J.  March 2021;21(1): 68-75.
  • Stansfield RB, Markova T, Baker R. Integration of Continuous Quality Improvement methods into annual program and institutional evaluation. J Grad Med Educ. 2019;11(5): 585-591


  • Stansfield RB, Kenaga H, Markova T. Differences in Assessments of Residents' Communication Skills between Online and Face-to-Face Simulated Patient Encounters. Poster presented at 2020 WSUSOM Medical Education, Research and Innovation conference, Detroit, MI, Dec. 8.
  • Waineo E, Stansfield RB, Booza J, Kopinsky H, Chadwell M, Markova T. Checking in with medical students: Validation of a new assessment tool for wellness. Poster presented at the 2020 AAMC Learn-Serve-Lead annual meeting, Nov. 16-18.  [conference held virtually]​
  • Jordan M. Program coordinator workbook. Poster accepted for the 2020 Association for Hospital Medical Education conference, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, May 13-15.  [conference cancelled]​
  • Markova T, Stansfield RB, Kenaga H, McCready T, Kumar S. A three-year study of resident handoff training using the SAIF-IR mnemonic to standardize transitions of care. Poster accepted for 2020 GRA ORR annual meeting, Chicago, IL, April 26-28.  [conference cancelled]​
  • Waineo E, Stansfield RB. Walk with a doc: A student-run wellness and mentorship initiative. Poster presented at 2019 WSUSOM Medical Education conference, Detroit, MI, Dec. 2.
  • Markova T, Stansfield RB, Kenaga H. An Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) opioid management case: Correlations with residents' Systems-Based Practice (SBP) milestones. Poster presented at 2019 AAMC Learn-Serve-Lead annual meeting, Phoenix, AZ, Nov. 8-12. ​
  • Waineo E, Stansfield RB, Booza J, Kopinsky H, Chou J, Chadwell M, Markova T. Where we are and how we feel: Developing a tool to measure medical students' perceptions of learning environment and their sense of well-being. Poster presented at the 2019 American Conference on Physician Health, Charlotte, NC, Sept. 19-21.